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The best Java frameworks: a roundup of the top 5December 4, 2023
IT outsourcing companies are constantly on the lookout for professionals that specialise in software development – from UI designers to programmers. Java developers are one such requirement, especially as customised software steadily becomes a norm across smaller businesses, irrespective of industry/specialty. With competition heightening across the digital landscape, businesses are scrambling to stay relevant, especially with the proliferation of content across myriad digital channels that leave their customers spoilt for choice.
Ensuring a digital presence (be it over the web or on mobile) is essential for businesses to deliver excellence, so customers are encouraged to engage as well as remain loyal within a consumer landscape that is abundant with an endless array of options. Choosing the right software development skill set is therefore a make-or-break situation (more or less), as business teams need to be closely aligned in order to meet objectives without delay.
As a programming language that has been around for approximately 3 decades, Java has all the characteristics necessary to build an application that is fast, reliable and free from errors. As a result, technology outsourcing companies are keen to hire Java developers for a variety of needs that range from custom software development, to AI/machine learning use cases.
In this article, we cover the basics of Java, as well as some popular Java frameworks that businesses can familiarise themselves with, before considering potential Java developer candidates for their custom software or application development project.
What is Java?
Java is an object-oriented programming language that has become the bedrock of numerous digital applications since its release in 1995. From custom software to video games, Java presents a Write Once Run Anywhere (WORA) system that makes it convenient for developers to build applications that can run across any platform.
With more than 3 billion devices powered by Java today, its familiarity to C++ and C# further delivers versatility to developers who are looking to learn multiple programming languages. A comprehensive environment that features frameworks previously built and honed by other developers can offer those that are new to Java web development the tools they need to configure functionalities with minimal effort.
Thanks to unmatched flexibility, easy syntax and an object-oriented approach, Java has been compatible for processing big data sets, as well as powering smart devices as part of IoT.
Other key benefits of Java
- Reduced errors during runtime: As Java code is fully compiled before runtime, any errors are caught during the compilation process.
- Faster than other competitive programming languages: This makes Java a prime option for building mobile applications, as high speed can also positively impact user experience.
- High tolerance when processing large request volumes: Java‘s ability to process bulk data sets makes it suitable for working with big data.
Top 5 Java frameworks roundup
Ideal for building responsive web and mobile applications, Angular offers a component-based structure wherein each component functions autonomously. This means that failure in one area of code will not bring the entire application to a halt, thereby improving uptime rates. Angular also functions asynchronously, which means that developed code can process additional requests while it is working to process one that’s already running.
However, Angular may present limitations if your website or application requires attention from search engines in order to attract traffic. As websites developed on Angular are rendered on the client-side, search engines are unable to access complete website structures, thereby shielding it from much deserved recognition from search engines.
Grails is a Java framework that is based on the Groovy programming language. Based on Java-style syntax, Groovy is easy to learn for developers who are already familiar with Java. Grails is highly suitable for building scalable web applications, thanks to a range of plugins and a ‘coding by convention’ framework system.
Coding by convention enables developers to focus on application requirements and parameters, while configurations and requests are taken care of by other elements functioning within the framework. Additionally, GORM integration with Grails allows developers to build applications that are highly dependent on data from relational and non-relational databases, thereby offering a wide range of capabilities in order to build powerful web applications.
Spark is another popular Java framework that is based on the Kotlin programming language – another Java language derivative. Thanks to its versatility, Spark is also compatible with TypeScript, as its framework is type-based. As a result, Spark is bound to be a valuable skill set when hiring Java developers, as its compatibility with multiple programming languages can widen your talent pool to help select the ideal candidate.
With Spark being highly useful for building REST APIs, it’s a valuable framework for building applications that are based on a microservices architecture. Other applications for Spark include web applications, thereby making it a Java framework that offers multi-purpose abilities.
Spring is a Java framework that is also based on programming languages Groovy and Kotlin, thereby making it a very useful foundation for building web and mobile applications alike – especially Android. Spring takes care of configuration intricacies so that developers can focus on the strategic and analytical aspects of coding, helping minimise complexity as well as effort.
With top software companies in USA undertaking software development projects that demand ongoing maintenance, Java frameworks like Spring facilitate easy, fast and accurate coding thanks to a wide range of libraries, templates and microservices that virtually feature a plug-and-play approach.
Google Web Toolkit (GWT)
Java has been around for a significant period of time, mainly owing to its highly versatile capabilities that consist of (but aren’t limited to) complete compilation prior to runtime, an object-oriented programming approach, and a platform-independent compatibility. These capabilities have made Java the go-to programming language for highly complex web and mobile applications, including IoT and AI-powered data analytics.
With leading frameworks such as Angular and Google Web Toolkit (GWT), Java developers have all the resources they need to get started smoothly, as extensive libraries and frameworks further propel ease when it comes to coding. Additionally, outsourcing Java developers is an option that can drive greater value and cost efficiency, as software outsourcing companies are home to expert talent that is recruited without any geographical constraints.
Delivering full compilation before runtime and the ability to process data on a granular level, Java continues to remain as a programming language of choice for developers new and seasoned, as well as a viable option for businesses that wish to build applications that need to meet high-volume and intricate demands.
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